Dr. Elisabeth Schiemann

Title: Dr.
Prename: Elisabeth
Surname: Schiemann
Profession: Geneticist
Birthday: 08/15/1881
Place of birth: Fellin, Livonia
Date of death: 01/03/1972
Place of death: Berlin
Education: Women’s teacher training seminar in Berlin; 1899–1902 teacher in Berlin, university studies (modern languages) in Paris; 1906 final high school examinations (*Abitur*) and auditor in natural sciences at the University of Berlin; 1912 doctorate and state examinations
Career: 1914 assistant, 1921 senior assistant, department of heredity and breeding research, Berlin College of Agriculture; 1924 university lecturer qualification (*Habilitation*); 1927 helps establish the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Breeding Research in Müncheberg near Berlin; 1931 study visit to Britain; 1931–43 visiting researcher at the KWI for Biology and the Botanical Museum in Berlin, lecturer; 1940 permission to lecture revoked; 1943 director of the department for the history of cultivated plants, Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Plant Breeding, Tuttenhof near Vienna; 1946 professor extraordinarius, University of Berlin; 1947 study visit to Crosby Hall, London; 1949–56 director, Max Planck Society’s research department for the history of cultivated plants
Memberships: 1900 Association for the Provision of Interest-free Loans to Women Students; 1926–33 German Federation of University Women (DAB); 1934 Confessing Church, Berlin-Dahlem; 1947 initiates resumption of contact with the British Federation of University Women in preparation for the DAB’s reestablishment; 1947 academic commission of the Wilmersdorf Women’s Union (Wilmersdorfer Frauenbund); from 1949 DAB; 1954 honorary member, Botanical Society of France; 1956 German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina ; 1956 appointed research member of the Max Planck Society; 1960 Zoological-Botanical Society Vienna
Biographical literature: “Elisabeth Schiemann,” in Annette Vogt, *Wissenschaftlerinnen in Kaiser-Wilhelm-Instituten, A–Z* (Berlin: Archiv der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, 2008), 125– 27; Elvira Scheich, “Elisabeth Schiemann (1881–1972). Patriotin im Zwiespalt,” in *Autarkie und Ostexpansion. Pflanzenzucht und Agrarforschung im Nationalsozialismus*, ed. Susanne Heim (Göttingen: Wallstein, 2002), 250–79; [*Neue Deutsche Biographie*, "Elisabeth Schiemann"](http://www.deutsche-biographie.de/sfz111987.html); Ida Stamhuis and Arne Monsen, “Kristine Bonnevie, Tina Tammes and Elisabeth Schiemann in Early Genetics: Emerging Chances for a University Career for Women,” *Journal for the History of Biology* 40 (2007), no. 3: 427–66; Jost Lemmerich (ed.), *Bande der Freundschaft: Lise Meitner – Elisabeth Schiemann. Kommentierter Briefwechsel 1911–1947* (Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2010)
Major works: *Entstehung der Kulturpflanzen* (Berlin: Borntraeger, 1932); *Bestimmung einiger Pflanzenfunde aus dem Grabe des Tut-Ench-Amon* (Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1941); *Weizen, Roggen, Gerste* (Jena: G. Fischer, 1948); *Hugo de Vries zum Hundertsten Geburtstage* (Berlin: Deutsche Botanische Gesellschaft, 1949)