Dr. Elisabeth Schwarzhaupt

Title: Dr.
Prename: Elisabeth
Surname: Schwarzhaupt
Profession: Jurist, politician
Birthday: 01/07/1901
Place of birth: Frankfurt am Main
Date of death: 10/29/1986
Place of death: Frankfurt am Main
Education: 1921 women teachers’ examination at the Elisabethenschule in Frankfurt; 1921–26 university studies (law and politics) in Frankfurt and Berlin; 1925 university degree; 1925–26 student teacher in Frankfurt, Neuruppin, and Berlin; 1930 state teaching examination; 1934 doctorate in Frankfurt
Career: 1930–32 municipal legal advice center, Frankfurt; 1932 acting judge for the register of real estate and foreclosures, Dortmund; 1933 removed from office; 1934–36 legal adviser in the national office of the League of German Retirees; 1936 legal assistant to the German Lutheran Church, from 1939 as consistorial councilor and from 1944 as senior consistorial councilor; 1948–53 legal adviser to the Lutheran Church in Frankfurt; 1961–66 Federal Minister of Health; from 1962 coeditor of the legal journal *Ehe und Familie im privaten und öffentlichen Recht*
Memberships: 1919–20 youth organization, German People’s Party (DVP); 1929–34 Frankfurt chapter of the German Federation of University Women (DAB); German League of Women Jurists (Deutscher Juristinnenbund); 1953–69 member of Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the German Bundestag; 1958–62 and 1968–70 vice president, 1970–74 president, DAB; 1966 Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Grand Cross First Class; 1970–72 president, National Council of German Women’s Organizations (Deutscher Frauenrat)
Biographical literature: Ursula Salentin, *Elisabeth Schwarzhaupt – erste Ministerin der Bundesrepublik. Ein demokratischer Lebensweg* (Freiburg: Herder, 1986); Heide-Marie Lauterer, “Gottesebenbildlichkeit des Menschen und Gleichberechtigung von Frau und Mann. Elisabeth Schwarzhaupt (1901–1986),” in *“...und über Barmen hinaus.” Festschrift for Carsten Nicolaisen*, ed. Joachim Mehlhausen (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1995), 145–58; Heide-Marie Lauterer, “Elisabeth Schwarzhaupt,” in *Demokratische Wege. Deutsche Lebensläufe aus fünf Jahrhunderten*, ed. Manfred Asendorf and Rolf von Bockel (Stuttgart: Metzler, 1997), 578–580; Heike Drummer and Jutta Zwilling, *Elisabeth Schwarzhaupt (1901–1986). Portrait einer streitbaren Politikerin und Christin* (Freiburg: Herder, 2001), 114–15; [*Neue Deutsche Biographie*, "Elisabeth Schwarzhaupt"](http://www.deutsche-biographie.de/sfz120145.html)
Major works: *Fremdwährungsklauseln nach deutschem Schuldrecht* (diss.; Würzburg: Mayr, 1934); “Aufgaben und Stellung der Akademikerin in der heutigen Gesellschaft,” Informationen für die Frau 3 (l954), no. 10; *Nichtehelichenrecht und Jugendhilfe* (Frankfurt: Eigenverlag des Deutschen Vereins für Öffentliche und Private Fürsorge, 1970)