Dr. Alice Friedmann (Friedman)

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Title: Dr.
Prename: Alice
Surname: Friedmann (Friedman)
Profession: Psychologist, remedial teacher
Birthday: 03/17/1897
Place of birth: Vienna
Date of death: /Juni 1980/
Place of death: New York City
Education: 1917 university studies (philosophy) in Vienna; 1922 doctorate
Career: 1924–38 directs a psychiatric children’s home in Vienna; November 1938 emigrates to Britain with her mother and two nieces, finds refuge in Crosby Hall; German teacher in a boarding school in Buckinghamshire; carries out research at the County Council School, Chester; 1939 emigrates to New York; 1940 US citizenship; psychologist in several schools and summer camp counselor; winter 1940/41 social casework at the Foster Home Agency for Colored Children; later works with tuberculosis patients; establishes kindergarten in Tennessee; 1942 psychologist in a Children’s Aid Society home; from 1942 private practice in New York; group therapist at the Women’s House of Detention, Kings County Hospital, and Harlem Village Hospital; clinical psychologist and principal psychologist, Lebanon Hospital; from 1969 principal psychologist of New Jersey
Memberships: Society for Individual Psychology, Vienna; Viennese Working Group on Pedagogy for Teachers and Educators in Vienna; director of Working Group on Research Data Collection (Arbeitsgemeinschaft für wissenschaftliche Materialsammlung); until 1938 Association of Austrian University Women (VAÖ); from 1939 American Association of University Women (AAUW)
Biographical literature: Clara Kenner, “Alice Friedmann,” in *Wissenschafterinnen in und aus Österreich. Leben – Werk – Wirken*, ed. Brigitta Keintzel and Ilse Korotin (Vienna: Böhlau, 2002), 205–7
Major works: “Die innere Arbeit in der Charakterbildung: Selbstbeobachtung, Training, Einstellung, Umstellung,” in *Selbsterziehung des Charakters*, ed. Leonhard Seif and Ladislaus Zilahi (Leipzig: Hirzel, 1930); “The Family and Educational Guidance,” in Alfred Adler, *Guiding the Child* (New York: Greenberg, 1930); *Was man nicht zu Kindern sagen soll* (Dresden: Kleine Kinder, 1931); “Über das Minderwertigkeitsgefühl phantasievoller Kinder,” *Zeitschrift für pädagogische Psychologie und Jugendkunde* 33 (1932); “If Your Child is a Fussy Eater,” *International Journal of Individual Psychology* 3 (1937), no. 1: 46-7; “Early Childhood Memories of Mental Patients,” *J. Child. Psychiat.* (1952), no. 2: 266-9 (1950); “Education As Part of a Group Therapy Program,” *Psychiatric Services* (1962)
Links: [BiografiA](http://www.univie.ac.at/biografiA/daten/frame.htm)