Dr. Lise (Elise) Meitner

Title: Dr.
Prename: Lise (Elise)
Surname: Meitner
Profession: Nuclear physicist, professor
Birthday: 11/07/1878
Place of birth: Vienna
Date of death: 10/27/1968
Place of death: Cambridge, England
Education: 1893–95 trains as teacher of French; 1898–1901 preparation for final high school examinations (*Matura*) taken externally; 1902–06 university studies (physics, mathematics, philosophy) in Vienna; 1906 doctorate
Career: 1906–07 probationary teacher of mathematics and physics; 1907–12 work with Otto Hahn at the University of Berlin; 1912–15 assistant under Max Planck at the Physics Institute; 1912–38 Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry, initially as visiting scholar, from 1914 as research associate and from 1917 as head of department; until 1938 director of the department of physical radioactivity at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, 1919 professorial title, 1922 university lecturer qualification (*Habilitation*); 1926 honorary professor, University of Berlin; 1933 banned from teaching; 1938 emigrates via the Netherlands and Denmark to Sweden; 1938–47 research position at the Nobel Institute, Stockholm; 1947–53 research professor at the College of Technology, Stockholm; 1953–60 consultant at the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences; 1960 moves to Cambridge, England
Memberships: 1926–38 corresponding member, Academy of Sciences, Göttingen; 1926–33 German Federation of University Women (DAB), active in the Berlin chapter, and German Association of Women University Lecturers (Verband der Hochschullehrerinnen Deutschlands); 1926–32 International Federation of University Women (IFUW) Fellowships Committee; 1941 Academy of Sciences Gothenburg; 1945 Academy of Sciences Stockholm; 1948 Max Planck Society; 1948 corresponding member, German Academy of Sciences (East Berlin); 1954 Otto von Hahn Prize; 1955 Royal Society, London; 1924–48 eighteen nominations for the Nobel Prize
Biographical literature: Patricia Rife, *Lise Meitner. Ein Leben für die Wissenschaft* (Hildesheim: Claassen, 1992); Patricia Rife, *Lise Meitner and the Dawn of the Nuclear Age* (Boston: Birkhäuser, 1999); Ruth Lewin Sime, *Lise Meitner. A Life in Physics* (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996); Annette Vogt, *Wissenschaftlerinnen in Kaiser-Wilhelm-Instituten, A–Z* (Berlin: Archiv der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, 2008), 97–100; Lore Sexl and Anne Hardy, *Lise Meitner* (Hamburg: Rowohlt, 2002); Ruth Lewin Sime, “Science, ‘Race,’ and Gender—The Forced Emigration of Lise Meitner and Marietta Blau,” *Jahrbuch des Simon-Dubnow-Instituts* 3 (2004): 293–312; Annette Vogt, “Lise Meitner,” in *Einsteins Kolleginnen—Physikerinnen gestern und heute*, ed. Annette Vogt and Cornelia Denz (Bielefeld: TeDiC, 2005), 28–33
Major works: *Der Aufbau der Atomkerne. Natürliche und künstliche Kernumwandlungen* (with M. Delbrück; Berlin: Springer, 1935); “Einige Erinnerungen an das Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Chemie in Berlin-Dahlem,” *Naturwissenschaften* 41 (1954), no. 5: 97–9; “Looking Back,” *Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists* 20 (1964): 2–7
Links: [BiografiA](http://www.biografia.at/)