Dr. Marie (Maria) Salomea Curie

Title: Dr.
Prename: Marie (Maria) Salomea
Surname: Curie
Name of birth: Skłodowska
Profession: Physicist, professor
Birthday: 11/07/1867
Place of birth: Warsaw
Date of death: 07/04/1934
Place of death: Sancellemoz, Savoie
Married since: 25.07.1895
Married to: Pierre Curie (1859-1906)
Profession husband: Physicist
Children: Irène (born 1897); Ève (born 1904)
Education: 1883 completes school; 1891–94 university studies (mathematics, physics) at the Sorbonne, Paris; 1903 doctorate under Antoine Henri Becquerel
Career: 1883–91 governess in Szczuki and Warsaw; 1894–1903 works in own laboratory with husband Pierre Curie; 1900 teaches physics at the École normale supérieure de jeunes filles de Sèvres; 1903 Nobel Prize in physics (with Becquerel); 1906 continues her husband’s lectures at the University of Paris; 1908 full professor of physics; 1911 Nobel Prize in chemistry; 1914 head of the Radium Institute, University of Paris; 1914–18 front-line service with her daughter Irène in a mobile X-ray vehicle; 1918–27 research with her daughter at the Radium Institute, lectures in Brazil, Spain, Belgium, and Czechoslovakia; 1921 visits United States
Memberships: 1922 French Academy of Medicine
Biographical literature: Naomi E. Pasachoff, *Marie Curie and the Science of Radioactivity* (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996); Carla Killough McClafferty, *Something Out of Nothing: Marie Curie and Radium* (New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 2006)
Major works: *Recherches sur les substances radioactives* (diss.; Paris: Gauthier-Villars, 1904); *Pierre Curie* (New York: Macmillan, 1923); *L’isotopie et les éléments isotopes* (Paris: Journal de Physique, 1924); *Radioactivité* (Paris: Hermann, 1935, with Irène and Frédéric Joliot-Curie)