Dr. Dr. med. Else (Elsa) Liefmann

Title: Dr. Dr. med.
Prename: Else (Elsa)
Surname: Liefmann
Profession: Physician
Birthday: 05/27/1881
Place of birth: Hamburg
Date of death: 05/24/1970
Place of death: Zurich
Education: 1897–1900 women’s teacher training seminar, Hamburg; 1900–02 technical high school, Freiburg; 1903 final high school examinations (*Abitur*) at technical high school in Geesten; 1902–07 university studies (medicine) in Freiburg and Munich; 1908 doctorate; 1909 approbation
Career: 1915–18 assistant physician at the municipal hospital; 1919–37 private pediatric practice in Wiesbaden; 1930 second doctorate and 1931–33 sports physician in Freiburg; 1933 dismissed, 1938 approbation withdrawn; 1940 deported to Gurs, South of France; after four months, following the intervention of Swiss university women, transferred to detention in Morlaàs, South of France; 1942 escapes to Switzerland, until 1945 lecturer and writer; 1952 awarded professorial title by the Baden state government; 1956 Swiss citizenship, Canton of Zurich
Memberships: 1926–28 board member, Federation of German Women Physicians (BDÄ); 1928 founding member, Freiburg chapter of the German Federation of University Women (DAB)
Biographical literature: Eduard Seidler, *Kinderärzte 1933–1945: Entrechtet, geflohen, ermordet* (Bonn: Bouvier, 2000), 240–1; Johanna Bleker and Sabine Schleiermacher, *Ärztinnen aus dem Kaiserreich. Lebensläufe einer Generation* (Weinheim: Deutscher Studien-Verlag, 2000), 273
Major works: *Zur Klinik der Tubentuberkulose* (diss.; n.p., 1908); *Untersuchung über die eidetische Veranlagung von Schülerinnen an einer Höheren Mädchenschule* (diss.; Leipzig: J.A. Barth, 1930); *Helle Lichter auf dunklem Grund* (memoirs; Bern: Christliches Verlagshaus, 1966)