Dr. Alice Salomon

Title: Dr.
Prename: Alice
Surname: Salomon
Profession: Social reformer
Birthday: 04/19/1872
Place of birth: Berlin
Date of death: 08/30/1948
Place of death: New York
Education: 1902–06 university studies (economics, history, philosophy) in Berlin; 1906 doctorate
Career: 1908 founder, until 1925 director, Women’s School of Social Work, Berlin; 1925 founds the German Academy of Social and Educational Women’s Work, Berlin, and from 1926 directs its research department (later called the Institute for Sociological Research, Institut für Sozialwissenschaftliche Forschungen); 1929 founder and president of the International Association of Schools of Social Work; 1932 honorary doctorate, University of Berlin; 1933 dismissed from all posts in Germany; 1938 after interrogation by the Gestapo emigrates via Britain to New York City; 1939 German citizenship and academic titles revoked by the Nazi regime; 1944 US citizenship
Memberships: 1893 member, 1899 president, Girls’ and Women’s Groups for Social Work (Mädchen- und Frauengruppen für soziale Arbeit) in Berlin; 1900–20 secretary and vice president, Federation of German Women’s Associations (BDF); from 1909 secretary, International Council of Women (ICW); 1917–33 president, Conference of Women’s Social Work Schools in Germany (Konferenz sozialer Frauenschulen Deutschlands)
Biographical literature: Hans Muthesis (ed.), *Alice Salomon. Die Begründerin des sozialen Frauenberufs in Deutschland* (Cologne: Heymann, 1958); Joachim Wieler, “Alice Salomon,” in *Jüdische Frauen im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Lexikon zu Leben und Werk*, ed. Jutta Dick and Martina Sassenberg (Reinbek: Rowohlt, 1993), 324–XX; Gabriele Lautenschläger, “Alice Salomon,” in *Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon*, ed. Traugott Bautz, vol. 8 (Herzberg: Bautz, 1995), col. 1247–1250; Anja Schüler, *Frauenbewegung und soziale Reform. Jane Addams und Alice Salomon im transatlantischen Vergleich, 1889–1933* (Stuttgart: F. Steiner, 2004); [*Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon*, "Alice Salomon"](http://www.bbkl.de/lexikon/bbkl-artikel.php?art=./S/Sa/salomon_a.art); [*Neue Deutsche Biographie*, "Alice Salomon"](http://www.deutsche-biographie.de/sfz109831.html)
Major works: *Ursachen der ungleichen Entlohnung von Männer und Frauenarbeit* (diss.; Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, 1906); “Jugend- und Arbeitserinnerungen,” in *Führende Frauen Europas: Elga Kerns Standardwerk von 1928 und 1930*, ed. Bettina Conrad and Ulrike Leuschner (Munich: Reinhardt, 1999; first published 1928), 108–21; *Charakter ist Schicksal. Lebenserinnerungen* (Weinheim: Beltz, 1958)
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