Dr. Marie-Elisabeth Lüders

Title: Dr.
Prename: Marie-Elisabeth
Surname: Lüders
Profession: Economist politician, women's rights advocate
Birthday: 06/25/1878
Place of birth: Adelsheim
Date of death: 03/23/1966
Place of death: Berlin
Married since: Engaged until 1907
Children: 1 (Hans-Uwe, born 1922)
Education: 1910 final high school examinations (*Abitur*) taken externally, university studies (economics) in Berlin; 1912 doctorate
Career: 1902–06 Center for Private Social Care (Zentrale für Private Fürsorge); 1914–16 establishes a department of social care in occupied Brussels; 1916–18 director of the women’s work division in the German War Ministry; from 1919 professional politician and until 1932 German Democratic Party (DDP) deputy in the German Reichstag; councilwoman for social affairs, Berlin local government; 1934 banned from public speaking and writing; until 1936 historical research; 1937 short imprisonment by the Gestapo; 1938–44 research on international fisheries development for the Berlin Institute of Oceanography; 1949–51 senator for social affairs, West Berlin; 1953–61 Free Democratic Party deputy in the Bundestag; honorary doctorates Free University, Berlin, and University of Bonn
Memberships: 1919 cofounds DDP, 1932 resigns; 1923 founder and president of the Union of Women Economists (VdN); 1926 founder and 1930–33 president, German Federation of University Women (DAB); initiator of the Berlin day home for women students; board member, Federation of German Women’s Associations (BDF); German delegate to the International Federation of University Women (IFUW), 1932 delegate to the World Disarmament Conference in Geneva, IFUW Committee on Careers for Women, IFUW Committee on the Legal Status of Women; 1946 Liberal Democratic Party of Germany, later Free Democratic Party (FDP), 1957 honorary president; 1947 academic commission of the Wilmersdorf Women’s Union (Wilmersdorfer Frauenbund) and co-initiator of the DAB’s reestablishment; 1952 Federal German Order of Merit; 1953–61 FDP deputy in the Bundestag; until 1957 honorary president of the Bundestag; 1958 honorary citizen of West Berlin
Biographical literature: Helmut Stubbe-da-Luz, “Marie Elisabeth Lüders—erst Wohlfahrtspflegerin, dann Magistratsmitglied,” *Das Rathaus* 12 (1984): 715–18; Irene Stoehr, “Marie Elisabeth Lüders,” in *Frauenpolitik und politisches Wirken von Frauen im Berlin der Nachkriegszeit 1945–1949*, ed. Renate Genth, Reingard Jäkl, Rita Pawlowski, and Ingrid Schmidt-Harzbach (Berlin: Trafo, 1996): 289–301; Irene Stoehr, “Frauenerwerbsarbeit als Kriegsfall. Marie Elisabeth Lüders: Variationen eines Lebensthemas,” in *Frauen arbeiten. Weibliche Erwerbstätigkeit in Ost- und Westdeutschland nach 1945*, ed. Gunilla-Friederike Budde (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1997), 62–77; Bärbel Maul, *Akademikerinnen der Nachkriegszeit. Ein Vergleich zwischen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und der DDR* (Frankfurt/Main: Campus, 2002), 423; [*Neue Deutsche Biographie*, "Marie-Elisabeth Lüders"](http://www.deutsche-biographie.de/sfz54914.html)
Major works: *Das unbekannte Heer. Frauen kämpfen für Deutschland, 1914–1918* (Berlin: Mittler, 1936); *Volksdienst der Frau* (Berlin: Bott, 1937); *Fürchte Dich nicht. Persönliches und Politisches aus mehr als 80 Jahren, 1878-1962* (Cologne: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1963)
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Links: [Nachlassdatenbank](http://www.nachlassdatenbank.de/viewsingle.php?category=L&person_id=8757&asset_id=9512&sid=6e625f9b4fed7b47149ed